MOSIP stands for Modular Open-Source Identity Platform. It is open source software which governments or international organisations can use as a core, to build foundational digital identity systems. A foundational ID system is one in which individuals receive a unique identifier from the government. The unique identifier can be used by individuals for identity assertion, and for verification to avail of various services, including social security, financial services, etc.
Countries when building their national foundational ID system face some common challenges. These include:
MOSIP is being built to address these challenges.
MOSIP is a technology platform which helps Governments and other user organizations implement a digital, foundational identity system in a cost-effective way. Nations can use MOSIP freely to build their own identity systems. Being modular in its architecture, MOSIP provides flexibility to countries in how they implement and configure their systems, and helps avoid vendor lock-in.
MOSIP is building the key core functional modules which are common to any foundational identity system. Some of these modules are - Registration, ID Issuance, ID Lifecycle management, Authentication etc.
MOSIP is being anchored at the International Institute of Information Technology Bangalore (IIIT-B) - an academic institute, with philanthropic donations from Indian and International donors, as a global public good. Our donors are the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Omidyar Network and the Tata Trusts. MOSIP is steered by an Executive Committee and a Technology Committee actively advising on the project. There is also an International Advisory Group giving strategic guidance on the project.
The vision is for MOSIP to become a thriving open-source project, supported by an active open source community of developers and system integrators to contribute to the long term support and growth of MOSIP. IIIT-B will facilitate this through open source community engagement, building training and certification programs, etc.
MOSIP has many functional modules required in any foundational ID system (eg. Registration, ID Issuance, Authentication etc). Individuals and organisations working with digital identity systems, including developers, software companies, countries, startups, etc., are all invited to explore, use and contribute to any module of MOSIP that is relevant to them. MOSIP as a whole is meant to be implemented on a national scale, and thus is mostly applicable to governments of sovereign nations.
In addition, developers or system integrators can use the code in following ways:
MOSIP is an open source project. All code, documentation and white papers will become available in 2019 under an open source license on a platform like Github. Countries who want to use MOSIP modules for their foundational ID system will hire a System Integrator (software company) to work locally to download the MOSIP code and configure the MOSIP modules to suit the countries’ requirements. IIIT-Bangalore is creating an ecosystem of developers and software companies who will contribute to MOSIP development and provide support services to countries.
MOSIP architects have reviewed ID systems in countries like India, Pakistan, Peru & Estonia. The architecture principles and functionality which enhance the privacy, security, configurability etc have inspired MOSIP design.
MOSIP has all the features available to make it fully GDPR compliant. Since it is available as a customisable kernel, it would also depend on the implementing agency to ensure that an end-to-end system built using MOSIP remains fully compliant with GDPR.